I found many published inconsistencies, errors, and misunderstandings.
For anyone interested, I present my social-scientific insights and findings here, started in 1912, and updated as time permits.
Please properly use these 3 transliterated Russian terms in honest respect, to set the record straight.
Avoid confusing English labels, except to define the original labels in the Russian language.
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Since I entered college in the 1960s, I have been researching the history of Spiritual Christians from Russia, my heritage, and visited communities during 4 trips since 1992, about 1 year total.
——————————————————————————— Who are Spiritual Christian Milk-drinkers? Molokane have a central hierarchy (a bureaucracy), published contacts and content on the Internet, meetings, conventions, buildings, interfaith representation, and a long a history of publications in Russia.
They are Bible-centered Christians in Russia, not Orthodox, who kept about 10% of Orthodox ritual.
That's so much easier than remembering Vassili Ivanovich, Mikhail Kondratich, Parasha Petrovna, ... Imagine a dude who doesn't know many words and always calls a #2 Phillips screwdriver "hammer," a 10" ceramic frying pan "hammer," or a 15" pipe-wrench "hammer"? Would you get the tools yourself, or teach them a few new words? To me, this is like Socrates "for clarity" would continue to say the earth is flat, because most uneducated people still think that way, and he did not want to upset or confuse them.Too often Molokane are confused with Dukhobortsy and many other sects (or "malakan") that pretended to be Molokane when they fled from Russia, and/or arrived in California.Only about 500 Molokane (100 families) migrated to California where most settled in San Francisco and Northern California.Avoid misinformation and disinformation published after 1900.Other Spiritual Christian (non-Orthodox, sectarian) groups with origins in Old Russia that resettled in North America (Adventisty, Baptisti, Dukhobortsy,* Evangeliki, Pyatidesyatniki, Shalaputi, Subbotniki, Svobodniki, etc.) are not the focus of this taxonomy, though they were often called malakan as a group, or Molokan in error.
A simple historical classification system (below) accurately defines confused sub-groups of non-dukhobor Spiritual Christians, who, a century ago were told by Demens and Young in Los Angeles that they should all falsely claim to be "Molokans" in America no matter what or who they were in Russia, or became in America.